THE EMPEROR'S HOUSEHOLD

Egbert
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Registriert: Do 18. Jun 2015, 06:39

Re: THE EMPEROR'S HOUSEHOLD

Beitrag von Egbert » So 18. Jul 2021, 09:51

...also at the risk of repeating myself ...
This is a brilliant masterpiece of yours Sala ...and that in every respect.
It reflects the entire colorful splendor of napoleonic uniforms and you portrayed it very strongly!
LG Egbert
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Caporal
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Re: THE EMPEROR'S HOUSEHOLD

Beitrag von Caporal » Mo 19. Jul 2021, 07:52

What a fantastic work! Brillant! Really brillant!
Frank Herberger-Frevert

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Dioramenbau
http://www.8eme.de/napoleonische-soldat ... r-frevert/

Reenactment
http://www.8eme.de/

Salaberry
Beiträge: 538
Registriert: Sa 12. Aug 2017, 01:43

Re: THE EMPEROR'S HOUSEHOLD

Beitrag von Salaberry » So 25. Jul 2021, 17:11

PART FOUR – LA MAISON DE L’EMPEREUR – THE EMPEROR’S HOUSEHOLD
The Household Staff

At the head of the Emperor’s Household were two famous “grands officiers” – Caulaincourt, and Duroc, both nominated in 1804. As his title of “grand écuyer” suggests, Caulaincourt was in charge of all that pertained to Napoleon’s travels whether civilian or military in nature. Duroc, on the other hand was “grand maréchal du palais”, and thus in charge of everything else (lodgings, security, provisions, etc.)
Always nearby the Emperor, both were in charge of making sure all their master’s needs were not only met but anticipated if possible.

“Napoleon chose Grand Officers with similar profiles: rigorous, precise, firm and impatient” (Pierre Branda).
Duroc and Caulaincourt were certainly all of that, but also relentless task masters and integral to the smooth running of the household.
I chose to display them in their “grande tenue”.

Caulaincourt in blue, accompanied by Napoleon’s famous Mameluk, Roustam.

Duroc, in the burgundy outfit of his grande tenue, would follow Napoleon until his death in 1813, shot down from his horse by a canon ball.


He is accompanied here by general Savary, who was head of Napoleon’s gendarmerie d’élite – a unit part of the Imperial guard – and thus in charge of Napoleon’s “bodyguard” during a few campaigns. In 1809, Savary will stop a young Austrian from stabbing Napoleon during a review near Vienna. He is depicted here in his uniform of colonel of the Guard’s gendarmerie.

Napoleon’s valets, when they were on campaign with him, constituted a unit called in French “la livrée” There were over 80 of them on any given day, following the Emperor on “outdoor” duty. Their duties were precisely assigned according to a military-like procedure. They donned the famous green outfit and peculiar round hat
The kitchen staff was headed by five chefs. Depicted here his “premier chef” Dunant. Although fairly frugal in nature, Napoleon had a knack for roast chicken (the chef always had some on a spit) and loved his macaroni.

All the kitchen and service apparel was made in green stuff and plastic card. There are also some Erik Trauner sculpts
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Comments and criticism welcome

Sala

Salaberry
Beiträge: 538
Registriert: Sa 12. Aug 2017, 01:43

Re: THE EMPEROR'S HOUSEHOLD

Beitrag von Salaberry » Sa 31. Jul 2021, 22:00

PART FIVE - LA MAISON DE L’EMPEREUR – THE EMPEROR’S HOUSEHOLD
ADCs/officiers d’ordonnance



“The Emperor’s “officiers d’ordonnance” (orderly officers a junior grade of aide de camp) were a new instution, intended as extensions of Napoleon’s eyes and ears. They carried orders, conducted inspections, collected information, and reported back.” – Elting.
Young men of good family, there were supposed to be twelve of them under the authority of Caulaincourt but only 6 served in the 1806-1807 campaigns.
Up until 1807, these officers donned a green uniform laced with gold. From the beginning, this uniform led to confusion seeing as the imperial domestics (“la livrée”) also wore a green/gold uniform. Not wanting to be mistaken for common valets, the “officiers d’ordonnance” ardently campaigned Caulaincourt to be given a new uniform they saw as more fitting of their status. They would finally get their wish in 1809 where they went into Austria with their newly designed light blue uniform.
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Berthier’s own ADCs were a “subcast” within the Grande Armée’s HQ. One was always on duty, ready to
“The aides, young men of good family, were famous as the headquarters’ “enfants terribles”: hard drinkers, gamblers, duelists, rakes, great turners-up of petticoats, dare-devils and heart breakers, always in debt, insufferable, but who arrived always where they intended to arrive, never got lost, knew how to speak proudly and firmly, even to marshals. A message entrusted to them was always delivered, neither obstacles nor man stopped them” – Elting.

All wore a combination of red/white/black uniforms, designed by one of his own staffers – Louis-François Lejeune (depicted here), who was also an engineer and a recognized military painter (his paintings are actually a great source of inspiration for me). “One of Berthier’s few affectations was his insistence that his aides alone might wear scarlet trousers.” – Elting.
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I showed them here, some of them on duty, others taking a breather. I wanted to show unbridled horses with the fence loaded with harnesses, shabraques, etc. The “naked” horses were a gift from Francesco Messori.

Polish officers attached as interrogators/translators/interpreters are showed as well as one of Marshal Bernadotte’s ADCs in the tan-colored uniform. Along side are Württemberg officers form the Duke Ludwig Chevau-legers regiment, acting as liaison between Napoleon’s HQ and that of his younger brother Jerome, serving in the North of Poland. This outfit of Württemberg wore what must be one of the “weirdest uniforms” of the Napoleonic period – the pants always remind me of 80’s tennis shorts…

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Comments and criticism welcome, as always.

Sala

CHRIS DODSON
Beiträge: 566
Registriert: Do 10. Aug 2017, 13:39

Re: THE EMPEROR'S HOUSEHOLD

Beitrag von CHRIS DODSON » Mo 2. Aug 2021, 16:59

Beautiful work, fascinating information and I love the attention to detail wit the pots and pans etc.

You have breathed life into this project.

Brilliant .

Best wishes,

Chris

Egbert
Beiträge: 781
Registriert: Do 18. Jun 2015, 06:39

Re: THE EMPEROR'S HOUSEHOLD

Beitrag von Egbert » Di 3. Aug 2021, 13:29

CHRIS DODSON hat geschrieben:
Mo 2. Aug 2021, 16:59
Beautiful work, fascinating information and I love the attention to detail wit the pots and pans etc.

You have breathed life into this project.

Brilliant .

Best wishes,

Chris
I can only agree with Chris ... I feel exactly as he describes it.
Thank you for the extensive background information!!!
LG Egbert
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Salaberry
Beiträge: 538
Registriert: Sa 12. Aug 2017, 01:43

Re: THE EMPEROR'S HOUSEHOLD

Beitrag von Salaberry » Di 31. Aug 2021, 00:19

PART SIX - LA MAISON DE L’EMPEREUR – THE EMPEROR’S HOUSEHOLD
The « piquet”/medical staff and other followers


Most of the iconography that shows the Emperor on campaign or during a battle will be likely to display the famous escort of chasseurs à cheval from the Guard near the illustrious man. Their nicknames were “The Invincibles” and, from Napoleon’s fondness for them “The Pet Children- les enfants chéris” (probably at times used in the sense of “Spoiled Brats”). They were the epitome of the French light cavalry and Napoleon’s customary escort. His favorite costume simple green dress uniform coat […]. He was buried in it at St. Helena.” (Elting)

Most of the time, Napoleon was followed by a “piquet” (picket) of four officers, 22 troopers and a trumpet from this regiment. The head of this escort/bodyguard was usually a lieutenant who constantly remained by the Emperor’s side. Only two dignitaries - Murat and Berthier - could walk/galop ahead of him in Napoleon’s entourage.

In war as in peace, this escort picket was relieved every two hours, 24/7, by another such squadron, always ready to go at a moment’s notice. Horses were always bridled and troopers ready to saddle up.
Needless to say, the privilege to be on that escort roster was hard earned and usually reserved to good standing veterans from the regiment. Although prestigious, it was a demanding task. Decorum was always observed, you were constantly under the master’s look and you often needed to plow your way into enthusiastic crowds who wanted to get closer.
At Waterloo, they would play their role one last time, preventing a beaten Napoleon from being captured in the rout after the battle by getting him safely away from Prussian pursuers.

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One of the troopers (displayed) had the task of logging around the Emperor’s map case while on horse escort duty. If a page wasn’t available to do so, another trooper from the escort would then carry His Highness’ telescope/longview. These tasks were highly sought honors.

The position of “Inspecteur général aux revues” was created in 1804 by Napoleon. Their function was to “inspect regimental organization, administration, pay, and property accounts, muster rolls and personal records […]. Carefully selected from older generals and field grade officers […] they had assimilated military rank, ranging from captain to general of division, and received the same military honors. Units they inspected had to turn out in full dress uniform […]. Showing up unannounced and suddenly “like the devil at prayers” [they would spot instantly] units where the colonel might have been confusing the regimental pay chest with his personal retirement fund, or where recruits were reported to be without the clothing their units supposedly had drawn to outfit them.” (Elting)
Incurring their wrath could no doubt damage a military career irreparably.

The Imperial Guard had its own “inspecteur general aux revues”, Daniel Boinod, depicted here. He is accompanied by an ADC and an artillery captain attached to the HQ.

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Here, one of Napoleon’s ADCs, general Lebrun, is in discussion with Dr Yvan, personal surgeon of the Emperor while on campaign, and Dr Larrey, Chief surgeon of the Imperial Guard.

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I must admit I had a scenario in my head while putting the trio together, something along the line of: “Well, thanks for asking, doc, the shoulder is fine now, almost ready to go. However, a certain lady from Warsaw gave me a bad case of the clap, so if you could help with that…”
Anything to drive a story, even unbeknownst to the viewer…


And here “L’Évêque” (The Bishop) one of Napoleon’s personal mounts, being brought in by a “piqueur”, a member of “la livrée” dedicated to the caretaking of the Emperor’s numerous horses. The valet holding another horse is Constant, Napoleon’s own personal valet, and a page carrying the imperial long view.

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Comments and criticism welcome, as always.

Sala

CHRIS DODSON
Beiträge: 566
Registriert: Do 10. Aug 2017, 13:39

Re: THE EMPEROR'S HOUSEHOLD

Beitrag von CHRIS DODSON » Di 31. Aug 2021, 15:37

No criticisms from me, just applause at your research and hard work.

A triumph!

Best wishes,

Chris

Wolfgang
Administrator
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Re: THE EMPEROR'S HOUSEHOLD

Beitrag von Wolfgang » Di 31. Aug 2021, 21:24

Sehr schöne Detailaufnahmen, ein echt tolles Diorama!
Liebe Grüße, Wolle

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Salaberry
Beiträge: 538
Registriert: Sa 12. Aug 2017, 01:43

Re: THE EMPEROR'S HOUSEHOLD

Beitrag von Salaberry » Mi 1. Sep 2021, 02:50

PART SEVEN (FINAL PART) – LA MAISON DE L’EMPEREUR – THE EMPEROR’S HOUSEHOLD
Aide-de-camps/domestics and « officiers payeurs »


Thanks for the compliments: it's even more touching coming from you!
Alright, let's close this chapter.

The campaign in Eastern Poland (Western Russia today) was one of horrible hardships endured over the winter of 1806-1807, as the Grande Armée discovered a country that was vast, made of seemingly endless open terrain and dark forests, and where roads turned into quicksand under heavy rains.

Added to this unusual landscape (for the French) were shortages of all kinds: for months, the most available foodstuff consisted of potatoes – not a favourite of the French stomach at the time.
Cereals and beef were nearly impossible to come by, and the local black bread was seen by the Army as food fit for dogs only.
Since wine was nowhere to be found, local beer became the make-shift solution, but other than the Rhine Confederation units serving in Napoleon's army, everybody else grumbled.

Added to such supply hardships was an “anthropological” shock: the meeting between Napoleonic soldiers and the Jews of Poland.
For many men of the Grande Armée, the “Oriental look” of the local Jews constituted the object of a true obsession and fascination.

Letters, journals, and Memoirs (written at the time and later) reveal the profound distrust felt at first by the French towards these local inhabitants who lived apart from other Poles in designated quarters and who weren’t Christians – even though the French Revolution had greatly reduced religious practices in the army (for instance the French had no chaplains in their units).

One cannot really speak of antisemitism per say, as it would only be later “theorized” in the century, but there is for sure a certain measure of anti-Judaism present in those writings.
The distrust was mutual as local Jewish populations knew from past experiences that invading armies could mean trouble and abuse (if not worse) for them.

At first both sides remained aloof of one another, but the many needs of the Grande Armée were obvious to anyone, and soon local Jews offered to provide foodstuffs such as wheat, barley, and wine, importing what was necessary from abroad, using their own trade networks linking them to Lithuania and the Ukraine. For instance, the entire wine and brandy supplies for the French Army in the Spring/early Summer campaign of 1807 were provided by Jewish merchants.

These Jewish networks proved so much more efficient than the supply system in place in the Grande Armée at the time - the infamous and incompetent Compagnie Breidt - that they would finally convince Napoleon to create his own supply train.
The 1807 campaign was the last one where the French Army relied on private contractors to carry its supplies.

Captain Coignet noted in his Memoirs about the campaign in Poland: “One can say the Grande Armée was saved by the Jews”, a sentiment echoed in numerous writings elsewhere.

Here, two Jewish merchants interacting with French “officiers payeurs” (paymasters) from the Imperial Guard in their distinct “purple” outfit, as a Polish officer serves as interpreter between parties.



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All figures were converted/scratched-built.




Here, a member of the “livrée” is guiding the mules carrying the imperial tent.


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Lastly, the gate.
A gendarme is preventing any intruder from entering the premises while an “officier d’ordonnance” at the gate receives couriers/dispatch riders.

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Domestics stand by the door, awaiting their respective “masters”. Elting, in “Swords around a Throne” writes: “A Napoleonic general provided his own horses and vehicles, the “domestics” to look after them, his own cook, and sometimes food and drink for himself and his staff. Each general officer had his aides, and those aides had their horses and their domestics, as did the attached foreign officers. Horses and men had to be fed and doctored. The unavoidable result was that any large headquarters was cluttered with swarm of civilian employees, under little or no discipline, many of them - as Marbot described his own domestic, Woirland – hommes de sac et de corde, meaning expert thieves. […] Keeping such a crowd in any sort of acceptable order was full-time job for the headquarters’ gendarmerie.”

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And that’s it for this one, folks: nearly a year in the making (August 20/June 21).

Comments and criticism welcome.
Sala

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