Tyros 332 BC

Cryns
Beiträge: 457
Registriert: Do 10. Aug 2017, 22:16

Tyros 332 BC

Beitrag von Cryns » So 13. Aug 2017, 09:13

TYROS 332 BC

The ancient Phoenician town, fleet and figures, as they were displayed at the First Dioramica in 2016, are part of our DBMM gaming system representing the campaigns of Alexander the Great. Hundreds of Macedonians (not displayed here) are already painted by Mr. Bos.
TyDio10.JPG
TyDio10.JPG (500.4 KiB) 2701 mal betrachtet
All of it is still under construction. Sandy table cloth and plastic water sheets will be replaced in the future by large transparent water & rocky coastal sections running all around the island town.
TyDio9.JPG
TyDio9.JPG (566.96 KiB) 2701 mal betrachtet
The town will be enlarged and some Bronze Age Hittite and Medieval Byzantine sections will be replaced by Phoenician and Classical Greek ones.
TyDio3.JPG
TyDio3.JPG (540.77 KiB) 2701 mal betrachtet
Zuletzt geändert von Cryns am Mo 23. Apr 2018, 09:17, insgesamt 1-mal geändert.

Cryns
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Registriert: Do 10. Aug 2017, 22:16

Re: Tyre 332 BC

Beitrag von Cryns » So 13. Aug 2017, 10:10

TyDio2.JPG
TyDio2.JPG (189.36 KiB) 2699 mal betrachtet
My Greek and Phoenician fleet is a weird collection of wooden and plastic model kits, Atlantic and Aurora vintage toys and a Greek souvenir ship, in scales varying from 1:100 up to 1:72.
TyDio8.JPG
TyDio8.JPG (504 KiB) 2699 mal betrachtet
This wild variety of models has not been collected because of historical or technical ignorance. Its simply because this is all there is!

Only a 6th c. BC bireme produced by Dusek wood ship models is not finished yet and will be added to the fleet later on.

ANCIENT MEDITERRANEAN MERCHANT SHIPS AND CARGO VESSELS

Ancient harbours and war fleets usually contained more cargo sailing ships than oar-propelled galleys.
Those ancient Greek sailing cargo ships are totally absent in the existing 1:72 scale ranges.
There is not one pre-Roman cargo ship on the market, only in much smaller or larger scales.

During my trips over the years I visited countless Greek souvenir shops to look for ancient ship models. I found just ONE in about the right scale. I was so excited, I offered the shopkeeper to buy her complete stock. But it turned out that ship was the last and only one available....
Figures, cargo and planking pattern of the hull are added by me.
TyDio13.JPG
TyDio13.JPG (518.43 KiB) 2699 mal betrachtet
The poor quality of this hardboard model (best expressed in its heavy mast and yard and the giant rigging blocks) made me decide last winter to start building my own range of Classic Greek cargo ships together with their 1:72 scale crews and cargo bulks.
Zuletzt geändert von Cryns am So 13. Aug 2017, 12:54, insgesamt 1-mal geändert.

CARNUNTUM
Beiträge: 418
Registriert: Do 18. Feb 2016, 13:10
Wohnort: Kassel / Wien

Re: Tyre 332 BC

Beitrag von CARNUNTUM » So 13. Aug 2017, 10:58

Von Deinen tollen Gebäuden war ich schon auf der DIORAMICA vollauf begeistert !

Cryns
Beiträge: 457
Registriert: Do 10. Aug 2017, 22:16

Re: Tyre 332 BC

Beitrag von Cryns » So 13. Aug 2017, 11:53

Thanks for your nice words, my dear Egyptologist and Hermannschlacht expert Carnuntum.

BUILDING THE KYRENIA SHIP FROM SCRATCH

The Kyrenia shipwreck (also called Kerynea in Greek), was found off Cyprus' northern coast. A 14 meters long merchant ship from the 4th c. BC, thus perfectly representative for Alexanders era.

A full size replica has been build and tested by nautical archaeologists:
http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-TNDZinLMBBE/U ... nia+II.jpg
http://www.ancientshipwrecks.com/wp-con ... CF1227.jpg

Several scale reconstructions are displayed in museums:
https://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/73 ... -ships.jpg
http://www.my-favourite-planet.de/image ... t-ship.jpg

A wooden model kit is for sale in scale 1:43
http://keywordsuggest.org/gallery/372334.html

Several 3D models are available too.
https://www.turbosquid.com/3d-models/3d ... del/686451
But specialists convinced me in the case of 1:72 3D printing the texture of planking and canvas will get lost and the full sails won't work out correctly.

So I collected 3 different building plans of this same ship, all of them showing minor variations.
Ky2 three different plans.JPG
Ky2 three different plans.JPG (387.08 KiB) 2693 mal betrachtet
All 3 of them are printed in full scale 1:72 which makes the construction of the model much more easy.
Ky1 scale 1to72 plan.JPG
Ky1 scale 1to72 plan.JPG (348.11 KiB) 2693 mal betrachtet
Because for tabletop gaming purposes, a flattened bottom is needed, made of vintage oak creating a strong base. Prow and stern pieces are cut from used beech wood paint-stirring-strips. Shape and size are exaggerated so can be corrected and fine tuned when the basic construction is finished.
Ky3 hull base.JPG
Ky3 hull base.JPG (315.45 KiB) 2693 mal betrachtet
Temporary hull skeleton made of balsa-multiplex so easy to work and push pins into by hand.
Zuletzt geändert von Cryns am So 13. Aug 2017, 12:50, insgesamt 3-mal geändert.

Cryns
Beiträge: 457
Registriert: Do 10. Aug 2017, 22:16

Re: Tyre 332 BC

Beitrag von Cryns » So 13. Aug 2017, 12:01

Ky4 first temporary ribs.JPG
Ky4 first temporary ribs.JPG (415.23 KiB) 2693 mal betrachtet
All sawing and cutting is by hand, no machines used, just like the ancient shipwrights did it.
Ky5 all temporary ribs.JPG
Ky5 all temporary ribs.JPG (369.44 KiB) 2693 mal betrachtet
Fine tuning of the rounded hull is mainly a matter of sanding based on bare eye judgement.
Ky6 bottom ribs.JPG
Ky6 bottom ribs.JPG (287.98 KiB) 2693 mal betrachtet

Cryns
Beiträge: 457
Registriert: Do 10. Aug 2017, 22:16

Re: Tyre 332 BC

Beitrag von Cryns » So 13. Aug 2017, 12:16

Planking of the hull starts with the upper ones directly under the boards.
Their exact positioning is critical for the whole further development of the model.
Ky7 shaped ribs.JPG
Ky7 shaped ribs.JPG (367.55 KiB) 2693 mal betrachtet
Just like the ancients did it, the ship is build hull-first, the inner ribs are attached only after the full hull is finished. (This technique was used until the Byzantine era.)
That means the planks are not attached to the temporary skeleton, only to each other.
Ky10 top board plank.JPG
Ky10 top board plank.JPG (321.56 KiB) 2693 mal betrachtet
For the first plank that is very tricky: it can only be fastened at prow and stern tips and has to be kept in position by rubbers and pins until a second plank is glued below it.

As soon as the second and next planking is added, these are glued together using lots of clamps.
Ky11 planking clamps.JPG
Ky11 planking clamps.JPG (464.04 KiB) 2693 mal betrachtet

Cryns
Beiträge: 457
Registriert: Do 10. Aug 2017, 22:16

Re: Tyre 332 BC

Beitrag von Cryns » So 13. Aug 2017, 12:25

To give the planks their right shape, the wood is softened by hotwatersoaking.
Ky8 soaking wood.JPG
Ky8 soaking wood.JPG (379.69 KiB) 2693 mal betrachtet
The soaked wood strips are bend into shape by using a thermal bending iron.
Ky9 electric wood bender.JPG
Ky9 electric wood bender.JPG (406.52 KiB) 2693 mal betrachtet
Both tips but also full lenght top and bottom of each plank is cut and sanded to achieve exact connecting angles. The result is a very messy exterior surface that has to be adjusted later on.
Ky13 irreular planking.JPG
Ky13 irreular planking.JPG (414.88 KiB) 2693 mal betrachtet

Cryns
Beiträge: 457
Registriert: Do 10. Aug 2017, 22:16

Re: Tyre 332 BC

Beitrag von Cryns » So 13. Aug 2017, 12:32

Ky12 last planking.JPG
Ky12 last planking.JPG (420.47 KiB) 2693 mal betrachtet
After full length planking is ready, triangle area's at lower bow and stern have to be covered up.
Ky14 bottom planking.JPG
Ky14 bottom planking.JPG (252.15 KiB) 2693 mal betrachtet
A rough hull is ready now so the temporary skeleton can be removed
Ky16 rough hull.JPG
Ky16 rough hull.JPG (298.95 KiB) 2693 mal betrachtet

Kostis Ornerakis
Beiträge: 103
Registriert: Do 10. Aug 2017, 15:47

Re: Tyre 332 BC

Beitrag von Kostis Ornerakis » Mo 14. Aug 2017, 11:35

Wonderful so far! :D

Cryns
Beiträge: 457
Registriert: Do 10. Aug 2017, 22:16

Re: Tyre 332 BC

Beitrag von Cryns » Di 15. Aug 2017, 08:38

Thank you Kostis.
Ky17 temporary skeletton removed.JPG
Ky17 temporary skeletton removed.JPG (445.56 KiB) 2657 mal betrachtet
The temporary skeleton is removed.
Ky19 after sanding inside.JPG
Ky19 after sanding inside.JPG (406.09 KiB) 2657 mal betrachtet
Inside and outside of the planking is sanded up to a hull thickness of 2 milimeters.
The oak bottom sheet is hollowed to suggest the inner bottom structure of the hull.
Ky20 outer  rims.JPG
Ky20 outer rims.JPG (410.56 KiB) 2657 mal betrachtet
From the outside it looks like a flat bottomed tabletop model.
From the inside it should look as much as possible like a full hull reaching under the waterline.

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